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This can include surgery for complex issues like lesions or limb salvage. coronary artery bypass surgery, valve replacement and lymphatic circulation. Treatment may also include medical management or minimally invasive procedures in the Cath. Lab.

A cardiac or cardiovascular surgeon could treat:

  • Coronary artery disease or blockages of the arteries in the heart
  • Blockages in the heart valve(s)
  • Leaking heart valve(s)
  • Abnormal enlargement or aneurysms of the large arteries in the chest
  • Heart failure
  • Atrial fibrillation

A general thoracic surgeon could treat:

  • Lung cancer
  • Severe emphysema
  • Esophageal cancerĀ 
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Hiatal hernias
  • Swallowing disorders such as achalasia

A congenital heart surgeon could treat:

  • Atrial septal defects
  • Ventricular septal defects
  • Coarctation of the aorta
  • Hypoplastic left or right heart syndrome
  • Transposition of the great arteries